"The Tri-Council Policy Statement: Ethical Conduct for Research Involving Humans (TCPS or the Policy) is a joint policy of Canada’s three federal research agencies – the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR), the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC), and the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC), or “the Agencies.” All researchers who apply for research ethics board approval must be familiar with the most current version of the TCPS2 by completing the TCPS2:CORE (Course on Research Ethics).
At Emily Carr University, all research involving human participation requires prior review and approval by the Emily Carr University Research Ethics Board (ECU-REB).
British Columbia's Personal Information Protection Act came into effect in January 2004. Under PIPA, individuals have the right to access their own personal information. The law also states the rules by which organizations can collect, use, and disclose personal information from customers, clients and/or employees.
The purposes of this Act are to make public bodies more accountable to the public and to protect personal privacy by: giving the public a right of access to records: giving individuals a right of access to, and a right to request correction of personal information about themselves; specifying limited exceptions to the rights of access preventing the unauthorized collection, use or disclosure of personal information by public bodies; and providing for an independent review of decisions made under this Act. Privacy and FIPPA training is available for Emily Carr researchers here: https://courses.ecuad.ca/course/view.php?id=1696
The purposes of this Code are as follows: to foster a society in British Columbia in which there are no impediments to full and free participation in the economic, social, political and cultural life of British Columbia; to promote a climate of understanding and mutual respect where all are equal in dignity and rights; to prevent discrimination prohibited by this Code; to identify and eliminate persistent patterns of inequality associated with discrimination prohibited by this Code; to provide a means of redress for those persons who are discriminated against contrary to this Code.
Sally Armstrong in her 2019 Massey Lectures “Power Shift: The Longest Revolution” describes how gender discrimination through research biases has “sidelined half the population.” -
In 2020 the BC Office of the Human Rights Commissioner (BCOHRC) produced a report highlighting the need to address systemic racial biases in research by collecting race-based data with care. They named their report, “Disaggregated demographic data collection in British Columbia: The Grandmother Perspective.”
Besides government and institutional policies, ethical guidelines have been developed for organizations, community groups, First Nations, and others who want researchers and creative practitioners to understand ethical concerns that are specific to their settings. These are a few that relate specifically to artists, designers, and others who take up research-creation or other creative methods in research.
Autoethnography and Research Ethics at OCAD University
The Research Ethics Board (REB) at OCAD University prepared this guidance document to ensure that autoethnographic research be carried out in an ethical manner, and that they include prior research ethics review. The document describes how, "It is important to note that when pursuing an answer to a research question, any individual (including the researcher) who features or provides data are considered human participants for REB purposes.” – Elizabeth Dauphinee’s 2010 article, “The Ethics of Autoethnography” further describes and demonstrates autoethnography’s problematic relationship to questions of truth, power, and ethics, while using the method itself. Its aim is to bring awareness and assist researchers to make the most ethical use of the method.
Dauphinee, Elizabeth. “The Ethics of Autoethnography.” Review of International Studies, vol. 36, no. 3, 2010, pp. 799–818. JSTOR, http://www.jstor.org/stable/40783297. Accessed 6 Feb. 2023.